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◆英語タイトル:Bangladesh - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband
◆商品コード:BUDD609130
◆発行会社(調査会社):BuddeComm
◆発行日:2016年1月6日
◆ページ数: 84
◆レポート言語:英語
◆レポート形式:PDF
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◆調査対象地域:バングラデシュ
◆産業分野:IT・通信
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【レポートの概要】

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in Bangladesh. Subjects covered include:
Key statistics;
Scenario forecasts (fixed, mobile, internet subscribers)
Market and industry overviews;
Major players (fixed and mobile);
Infrastructure development – national and international;
Digital media;
Mobile voice and data market;
Internet, including VoIP services;
Broadband services;
Regulatory environment and developments.Researcher:- Peter EvansCurrent publication date:- January 2016 (21st Edition)


With slowing mobile growth Bangladesh looks to 3G for actionBangladesh is one of the poorest, most densely populated, least developed countries in the world. Apart from its lowly economic status, major impediments to growth have included frequent cyclones and floods and the slow implementation of much-needed economic reforms. The country also has a reputation for the inefficiency of its state-owned enterprises.
In this context the telecom sector certainly has its challenges. But progress is being achieved. After deregulation of the mobile market and the entry of two new operators (bringing the total number of mobile providers to five) in 2005, Bangladesh witnessed a boom period in mobile subscriber numbers. While overall growth has slowed somewhat over the last two or three years, the market continues to expand in a healthy fashion. The issuing of 3G licences by auction in 2013 and the subsequent launch of 3G networks has given a huge boost to the mobile/internet segment. Foreign investment interest has also continued to be high. Strong growth of the mobile internet customer base is expected to continue into 2016 and 2017. LTE services are expected to be launched by 2017. In September 2015 Axiata Group and Bharti Airtel commenced merger discussions for their Bangladesh operations. The potential merger would boost the combined cellco to take second market place from Banglalink.
The strong growth in mobiles has certainly been helped by the deregulation of the country’s telecom sector. The rapid uptake of mobile services was no doubt at the expense of the struggling fixed-line sector, with low levels of teledensity and general shortcomings in fixed network infrastructure. Despite a progressive regulatory regime, the country was slow to move forward with 3G mobile services. The first 3G licence in the country was awarded to Teletalk, the state-owned operator launching a pilot 3G offering in 2012. The 3G licensing process for private operators was meant to follow quickly but became bogged down. The planned auction was finally held in September 2013. Four operators - GrameenPhone Banglalink, Robi Axiata and Bharti Airtel - acquired 3G spectrum in the auction, setting the scene for further developments in the market place. The operators moved quickly to launch their respective offerings and by July 2014 there were around 5 million 3G subscribers in total.
The internet came late to Bangladesh with the country gaining connectivity in 1996. In the last few years it has grown considerably, although obviously from a very low base. With an estimated internet user-base of just over 15 million coming into 2015, representing just under 10% user penetration by population, the local internet industry has been preparing to move into the next stage of its development. However, the country must work hard to overcome obstacles associated with the country’s lowly economic status and still developing ICT infrastructure, not least of which being an overly bureaucratic government.
The fixed-line segment of the local telecom market has had a very difficult time of late. For years teledensity has remained essentially stagnant at less than 1%, by far the lowest in South Asia. The country had been struggling with its underdeveloped telecommunications infrastructure and heavy bias towards the four main cities. Then, as the country struggled to put an effective telephone network in place, the fixed market experienced a major setback in 2010. The regulator shut down five of the country’s fixed-line operators because of alleged illegal activities. As a consequence, within a two month period the number of fixed services in operation had fallen from 1.7 million to around one million. The market has since recovered to some extent but it was nevertheless a major setback for the telecom sector and there were ongoing repercussions.
One initiative to note, the government has launched what it calls the Digital Bangladesh (DB) strategy; this is aimed at creating a digitised government, ICT-enabled services, nationwide internet connectivity, a high-tech park for businesses and ICT-trained human resources by 2021.
Key Developments:

the number of fixed-line operators has greatly diminished, despite ‘revalidating’ of licences.
The fixed line subscriber based continued to decline in 2015, with this pattern likely to continue into 2016 and 2017.
e-services start to build as country pushes towards a ‘Digital Bangladesh’ by 2021.
The mobile subscribers grew strongly by 11% for the year to September 2015 reaching 131 million by that stage.
Over the same period Airtel Bangla was the fastest growing mobile operator, up by over 20%.
The mobile internet – broadband and narrowband - customer base continues to grow strongly, reaching 32% penetration by September 2015;
The number of fixed broadband internet subscribers remained low, however.
It was yet to be seen how much impact 3G services would have on the broadband market.
After banning the selling of pre-activated SIM cards without proper subscriber identification, the BTRC continued to follow up with a strong enforcement policy.
The BTRC plan to hold auctions in the 700MHz spectrum frequencies for mobile Long Term Evolution (LTE) services during 2016.Companies mentioned in this report:
Bangladesh Telecommunications Company Limited (BTCL); Peoples Telecom (formerly Bangladesh Rural Telecom Authority (BRTA)); GrameenPhone; CityCell (PBTL); Orascom Telecom Bangladesh (formerly Sheba Telecom); Banglalink; Robi (formerly Aktel); Teletalk (Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board); Airtel Bangla (formerly Warid Telecom); Bangladesh Railway (BR); Power Grid Company Bangladesh (PGCB); Fibre @ Home; Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company Limited (BSCCL); Summit Communications; Grameen Cybernet; Integrated Services Network (ISN); Teleglobe; InTech Online (IOL); AlwaysOn Network Bangladesh (AONB); Augere (Qubee); BanglaLion; Ollo; New Generation Graphics Limited (NGGL); Bangladesh Internet Exchange Limited (BIEL); Bangladesh Internet Exchange Trust; Novocom


【レポートの目次】

1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
1.2 Economy
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Overview of Bangladesh’s telecom market
2.2 National broadband initiative
2.3 Corruption inquiry
2.4 Background to development
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Bangladesh Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (BTRC)
3.2 Ministry of Posts, Telecommunications & Information Technology
3.3 Telecommunications legislation – background
3.4 The National Telecommunications Policy of 1998 (NTP-98)
3.5 Telecommunications Act 2001
3.6 The Communications Convergence Bill 2001
3.7 The Telecommunication (Amendment) Bill 2010
3.8 Privatisation and liberalisation
3.8.1 Licensing in the fixed-line market
3.8.2 Expanded licensing regime
3.9 Regulatory developments
3.9.1 Surcharge on mobile usage
3.9.2 Tax on SIM replacement
3.9.3 Registration of SIM cards
3.9.4 Warnings to operators
3.9.5 Mandated broadband speed
3.9.6 Infrastructure sharing
3.9.7 VoIP licensing and regulation
3.9.8 BTRC audits operators
3.9.9 International Terrestrial Cable (ITC) licences
3.9.10 Temporary Blockage of Over-The-Top (OTT) providers
3.9.11 Directives on Service and Tariffs 2015
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Overview of operators
4.2 Shut-down of operators
4.3 Operator statistics
4.4 Bangladesh Telecommunications Company Limited (BTCL) – formerly Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB)
4.5 Peoples Telecom (Formerly Bangladesh Rural Telecommunications Authority)
4.6 Sheba Telecom
4.7 WorldTel
4.8 Dhaka Phone
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.1.1 Statistics
5.1.2 Forecasts – fixed-line market – 2015; 2017; 2020
5.1.3 Fibre optic networks
5.1.4 Grameen Telecom’s Village Project
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 International Gateways
5.2.2 Satellite networks
5.2.3 Submarine cable connectivity
6. Internet market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Censorship
6.2 Internet statistics
6.3 Forecasts – internet services – 2015; 2017; 2020
6.3.1 Scenario forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers
6.4 International Internet Gateway (IIG) licences
6.5 National Internet Exchange (NIX) licences
6.6 Digital Bangladesh – 2021
6.7 Access to Information (A2I) program
6.7.1 Overview
6.7.2 Union Information Service Centre (UISC)
6.7.3 Multimedia classrooms
6.7.4 E-Purjee
6.7.5 District E-Service Centre (DESC)
6.7.6 e-Agriculture
6.8 ISP market
6.8.1 Overview
6.8.2 BTTB’s ISP service
6.8.3 Grameen Cybernet
6.8.4 Integrated Services Network
6.8.5 InTech Online
6.8.6 AlwaysOn
6.9 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
7. Broadband market
7.1 Overview
7.2 Wireless broadband / WiMAX
7.2.1 Background
7.2.2 WiMAX licensing
7.2.3 Operations
7.2.4 Third BWA licence
7.2.5 TD-LTE (4G) licences
7.2.6 Network expansions and roll-outs
7.2.7 WiFi
7.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
7.4 Cloud Computing
7.5 Regulatory issues
7.5.1 Cyber laws
7.5.2 National ICT Policy
8. Digital media
8.1 Overview of broadcasting market
8.2 TV Channels
8.3 Free to Air (FTA) broadcasting
8.4 Cable TV (CATV)
8.5 Satellite TV
8.5.1 ATN Bangla
8.5.2 Boishakhi
8.5.3 Bangladesh Television (BTV)
8.5.4 BTV World
8.5.5 Channel i
8.5.6 Ekushey Television (ETV)
8.5.7 NTV
8.6 Consolidation and convergence
8.7 Proposed satellite system
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Overview of Bangladesh’s mobile market
9.2 Background
9.3 Mobile licences
9.3.1 2G licences
9.3.2 3G licences
9.3.3 4G licences
9.4 Mobile statistics
9.5 Forecasts – mobile services – 2015; 2017; 2020
9.5.1 Scenario forecasts
9.6 Regulatory issues
9.6.1 Surcharge on mobile usage
9.6.2 700MHz spectrum
9.6.3 450MHz spectrum
9.6.4 Blackberry blocked
9.6.5 Infrastructure sharing
9.6.6 SIM registration
9.6.7 2100MHz and 1800MHz Spectrum Auctions – 2014-2015
9.7 Major mobile operators
9.7.1 CityCell (PBTL)
9.7.2 GrameenPhone
9.7.3 Banglalink
9.7.4 Robi Axiata
9.7.5 Teletalk
9.7.6 Airtel Bangladesh
9.8 Mobile data services
9.8.1 Mobile broadband
9.8.2 Mobile banking
Table 1 – Country statistics Bangladesh – 2015
Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2013
Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2014
Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2014
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – September 2015
Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 7 – Bangladesh’s GDP real growth rate – 2005 – 2016
Table 8 – Fixed-line subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2011; 2013 – 2015
Table 9 – Fixed telephone line targets and teledensity – 2010; 2025
Table 10 – BTCL subscribers – 2010 – 2015
Table 11 – Historical – fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 1995 – 2005
Table 12 – Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2006 – 2015
Table 13 – Forecast fixed line subscribers – 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 14 – Bangladesh optical fibre network – 2011
Table 15 – Village Phones in Bangladesh – 1998 – 2007; 2010 – 2014
Table 16 – Internet users – 1996 – 2015
Table 17 – Fixed internet subscribers – 1997 – 2014
Table 18 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2015
Table 19 – Wireless broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2014
Table 20 – Internet access by households – 2005 – 2014
Table 21 – Mobile internet subscribers – 2012 – 2015
Table 22 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2015
Table 23 – Total international internet bandwidth – 1998 – 2014
Table 24 – Forecast fixed broadband internet subscribers – 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 25 – Number of ISPs – 1996 – 2014
Table 26 – WiMAX subscribers – 2012 – 2015
Table 27 – FttP broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2015
Table 28 – Key broadcasting statistics – 2014
Table 29 – Proportion of households with TV – 1998 – 2014
Table 30 – Cable TV subscribers – 2002 – 2014
Table 31 – Historical – mobile subscribers – 1996 – 2005
Table 32 – Mobile subscribers – 2006 – 2015
Table 33 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change – September 2015
Table 34 – Market share by operator – September 2015
Table 35 – Mobile internet subscribers and penetration – 2012 – 2015
Table 36 – Mobile services monthly ARPU – 1998 – 2014
Table 37 – Forecast mobile subscribers – 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 38 – CityCell (PBTL) subscribers – 1999 – 2015
Table 39 – GrameenPhone subscribers – 1998 – 2015
Table 40 – Banglalink (Orascom Telecom) subscribers – 2002 – 2015
Table 41 – Robi Axiata subscribers – 2005 – 2015
Table 42 – Teletalk subscribers – 2005 – 2015
Table 43 – Airtel Bangla subscribers – 2007 – 2015
Table 44 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2015
Chart 1 – Bangladesh fixed-line subscribers and teledensity – 2006 – 2015
Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration – 2005-2015
Chart 3 – Bangladesh mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2006 – 2015
Chart 4 – Bangladesh mobile operator market share – September 2015
Chart 5 – Major mobile operator subscribers – 2007-2015
Exhibit 1 – Operator licences in Bangladesh by licence category – 2015
Exhibit 2 – Licensed wireless broadband access (WBA) operators in Bangladesh – 2014
Exhibit 3 – Mobile operators in Bangladesh – 2014
Exhibit 4 – The Village Pay Phone (VPP) Program

Table 85 – 3G/mobile broadband market share by operator – 2009 – 2015
Table 86 – Vivo mobile revenue (R$) – 2010 - 2014
Table 87 – Vivo financial data (€) – 2013 - 2015
Table 88 – Vivo mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
Table 89 – Vivo/Telemig– mobile subscribers (historic) – 2002 - 2007
Table 90 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2010 - 2015
Table 91 – TIM Brasil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
Table 92 – Claro mobile revenue – 2010 - 2015
Table 93 – Claro – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
Table 94 – Oi mobile revenue by sector – 2012 - 2015
Table 95 – Oi – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
Table 96 – Oi/Amazônia/BrT – mobile subscribers –2002 - 2008 (historic)
Table 97 – NII Holdings mobile revenue (R$) – 2012 - 2014
Table 98 – Nextel Brazil revenue (US$) – 2010 - 2015
Table 99 – Nextel Brazil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2015
Table 100 – Algar Telecom mobile revenue – 2009 - 2014
Table 101 – Algar Telecom mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2015
Table 102 – Sercomtel – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2015
Table 103 – MVNO subscribers – 2012 - 2014
Table 104 – Port Seguro mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2014
Chart 1 – Evolution of telecom revenue in Brazil – 2003 - 2015
Chart 2 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 – 2015
Chart 3 – Evolution of fixed lines in service – 2005 - 2015
Chart 4 – Internet users and penetration –2005 – 2015
Chart 5 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2015
Chart 6 – Broadband market share at a glance – 2007 - 2015
Chart 7 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2015
Chart 8 – ADSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2015
Chart 9 – Evolution of pay TV in Brazil – 2005 - 2015
Chart 10 – Pay TV technologies at a glance – 2005 - 2015
Chart 11 – Evolution of Brazil’s mobile subscriber base – 2000 - 2015
Chart 12 – Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 – 2015
Chart 13 – Mobile broadband market share by operator – 2009 – 2015
Exhibit 1 – Map of Brazil
Exhibit 2 – Regions and states of Brazil
Exhibit 3 – Oi (Telemar) group at a glance
Exhibit 4 – Oi – company history
Exhibit 5 – Telefônica Brasil (trading as Vivo) at a glance
Exhibit 6 – Vivo – company history
Exhibit 7 – Embratel at a glance
Exhibit 8 – Embratel – company history
Exhibit 9 – GVT at a glance
Exhibit 10 – GVT – company history
Exhibit 11 – Atlantic Cable System – planned
Exhibit 12 – Geostationary satellites operating in Brazil
Exhibit 13 – Net Serviços de Comunicação at a glance
Exhibit 14 – TVA
Exhibit 15 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
Exhibit 16 – H-band for 3G services – lots, areas, and spectrum winners
Exhibit 17 – Bands for 4G services – blocks, winners, and price/MHz/population
Exhibit 18 – LTE TDD deployments
Exhibit 19 – LTE deployments
Exhibit 20 – 700MHz auction results - 2014
Exhibit 21 – 3G network launches by operator – 2007 - 2008
Exhibit 22 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas for mobile licensing
Exhibit 23 – Telefônica Brasil (trading as Vivo) at a glance
Exhibit 24 – Vivo – concessions
Exhibit 25 – The uneasy marriage between Telefónica and Portugal Telecom (historic)
Exhibit 26 – TIM Brasil at a glance
Exhibit 27 – TIM Brasil – concession awards for frequency bands A, B, D, E
Exhibit 28 – Claro Brasil at a glance
Exhibit 29 – Claro – concessions
Exhibit 30 – Oi (TNL PCS) at a glance


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